Selim II


daughter: Shah Sultan
Geheran Sultan
Esmahan Sultan,
Fatma Sultan[1]

the   the Signed the Tugra: the Selim II on Wikimedia Commons

Selim II (OSM. سليم ثانى — Selîm-i sânî, tour. Ikinci Selim; 28 may 1524 — December 13, 1574) — eleventh Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, rules in 1566-1574. The third son and fourth child of Sultan Suleiman I "the Magnificent and roxelana. Was known by the nickname Selim the Drunkard (Tur. Sarhoş Selim) and Selim Blonde (Tur. Sarı Selim).

the

Contents

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  • 1 Biography
  • Board 2
  • 3 Kinonablyudeniya
  • 4 notes
  • 5 References

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Biography

Born in Istanbul, the capital of the Ottoman Empire. Originally Selim briefly ruled Konya. In 1544 after the death of his older brother, Mehmed Selim, was appointed father sancakbey in the province of Manisa. In 1548, Sultan Suleiman, who led the Ottoman army in the expedition to Persia, left Sehzade Selim as Regent in Istanbul.

In 1553 after the death of his older half-brother, Mustafa, Selim was declared the first heir to the throne.

In 1558 after the death of roksolany strained relations between Selim and his younger brother, şehzade Bayezid. Sultan Suleiman Kanuni, who feared a coup d'état and hoping for a speedy peace between their offspring, sent two sons to manage the remote from Istanbul, the provinces of the Empire. Sehzade Selim was transferred from Manisa to Konya, and his brother şehzade Bayezid — in Amasu. In 1559 the brothers Bayezid and Selim began fighting each other for power. Şehzade Bayezid gathered an army and marched against his older brother Selim. In the bloody battle of Konya, actually put the Ottoman Empire on the brink of civil war, şehzade Selim, with the support of a father and had numerical superiority, defeated the army of the younger brother. Sehzade Bayezid and his family fled to Persia, but in 1561 was issued by Shah Tahmasp, and strangled, together with the five sons.

In the last years of the reign of his father Sehzade Selim held the position of sancakbey Kutahya.

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three weeks after the death of Kanuni Suleyman, Sehzade Selim arrived from Kutahya to Istanbul, where the Sultan took the throne.

During the reign of Selim II (public Affairs was led by the Grand vizier Mehmed Sokollu Pasha) of the Ottoman Empire waged war with the Safavid Empire, Hungary, Venice (1570-1573) and "the Holy League" (Spain, Venice, Genoa, Malta), completed the conquest of Arabia and Cyprus.

In 1569 Selim was carried out an unsuccessful trip to Astrakhan. In Istanbul was a plan to unite the Volga and don channel, and in the summer of 1569 years, the Janissaries, and Tatar cavalry began a siege of Astrakhan and channel work, while the Ottoman fleet besieged Azov. But the garrison of Astrakhan repelled the siege. A 15-strong Russian army attacked and dispersed the workers and Tatars, who were sent to protect, and the Ottoman fleet was destroyed by the storm. In 1570 the ambassadors of Ivan the terrible concluded with Selim II peace Treaty.

In the Ottoman Empire Sultan Selim was nicknamed "the Drunkard" due to his passion consumption of wine, but drunk in the truest sense of the word was not. The main rival of the Grand vizier Mehmed Sokollu at the court of the merchant was Joseph Nasi, formerly known as Joan, Michoaca. It was a rich Portuguese Jew, which appeared in Istanbul in the last years of the reign of Suleiman I, which soon became the bosom friend of the future Sultan Selim II. Naxi did not spare the gold and jewelry for gifts to an heir. Ascended the throne, Selim rewarded him by making a lifelong ruler of Naxos, conquered from Venice. However, the Naxi lived in Istanbul, and obtained from the Sultan a monopoly on the wine trade throughout the Ottoman Empire. Nasi had a good network of informants in Europe and supplied the Sultan important political news, but also constantly sent out as a gift to Salim their best wines.

Venetian Ambassador wrote: "His Highness drink a lot of wine, and from time to time don Joseph is sending him a lot of bottles of wine, and every kind of exquisite food". In all likelihood, it was Nasi Salim told the idea of the necessity of the seizure of Cyprus, as the island was famous for its excellent wines. Nasi Selim promised to make him king of Cyprus, however, promises are not kept, because after the Cyprus campaign vizier Sokollu convinced the Sultan to leave your favorite. Nasi died in 1579 year a disappointed and heartbroken man. Himself Sultan Selim the Second died 15 December 1574 years in the harem of the Topkapi Palace.

After that, the power in the country passed to his son Murad III.

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Kinonablyudeniya

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    the
  • In the Turkish series "Hürrem Sultan" the role of şehzade Selim takes Utili Uluisik.
  • the
  • In the TV series "Magnificent century", the role of the adult şehzade played by the famous actor Engin Ozturk.
the

notes

  1. 1 2 L. P. Peirce, The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.  S. 92.
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Bibliography

the
    the
  • Caroline Finkel. The history of the Ottoman Empire. M. 2009.
  • the
  • John freeley. Secrets of the Ottoman court. The private lives of the sultans. Smolensk. Rusich. 2004.
  • the
  • Halil Inalcık. Osmanlı Imparatorluğu Klasik Çağ (1300-1600). — Istanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2008. — ISBN 975-08-0588-7.
  • the
  • Necdet Sakaoğlu. Bu Mülkün Sultanları. — Istanbul: Oğlak Yayınları, 1999. — P 149-160. — ISBN 9753293006.
  • the
  • Ismail Hakkı Uzunçarşılı. Osmanlı Tarihi: Cilt. III/1 II. Selim'in Tahta Çıkışından 1699 Karlofça Andlaşmasına Kadar. — Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayınları, 1951, new ed. 1988. — ISBN 975-16-0013-8.
  • the
  • Turan, Serafeddin. Islam Ansiklopedisi. Selim II. — Ankara ve Istanbul: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti, Maarif Bakanlığı, 1940.  T. X.  S. 434-444.
  • the
  • Yavuz Bahadıroğlu. Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi. — Istanbul: Yayınları Events.
preceded by
Suleiman I
Ottoman Sultan
1566-1574
succeeded by
Murad III
the the the the

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